F.A.C.T.S.,Incorporated is a non-governmental, non-profit, public interest organization located in the Western New York area. F.A.C.T.S. was recognized by the U.S.Department of Energy (DOE) as a "community coalition" stakeholder during the required public review process to select a "final" cleanup plan for several Tonawanda, NY properties that were recklessly contaminated with thousands of tons and millions of gallons of Manhattan Project radioactive wastes produced by a dirty wartime uranium refinery that operated in the Tonawanda area in the 1940s.

Tonawanda is located just north of the city of Buffalo, NY. The Linde Air Products Company (now the Praxair corporation) was selected by the U.S. Army as a private contractor for the purpose of refining uranium ores used in the production of the world's first atomic bombs. We now have to deal with the severe environmental and public health consequences of the wartime's "go for broke" attitude.

F.A.C.T.S. supports the complete removal of Tonawanda's radioactive waste to a dry, secure site, much more suitable for the long-term management of these wastes.


When our individual investigations uncovered many pieces of important information that were previously not known by the affected community, we decided to create a group to inform the public of our findings. At a meeting in the fall of 1994, it was decided to name the group F.A.C.T.S. (For A Clean Tonawanda Site). The first move was to start publishing and mailing the F.A.C.T.S. Newsletter to get this very important information out to interested members of the local community.


To disseminate, in a timely manner, factual information related to cleaning up the Tonawanda nuclear waste site. Also, to serve as a resource to help interested citizens obtain relevant site-related materials.

F.A.C.T.S. subsequently decided to present its accumulated information resources, along with the early printed newsletters, to a wider audience of concerned citizens by creating an expanded, comprehensive web site on the internet. We hope you will benefit from the information presented on this web site. It is our intention to give local residents and others a public interest perspective on the question of whether this long-lived radioactive contamination is something to be concerned about or "no problem" as governments have said for so long.

At present, F.A.C.T.S. has a database of almost 200 contacts dealing with environmental issues. Of the 200, about 26 contacts are independent experts in the field of epidemiology and/or the study of ionizing radiation and its causation of cancers, providing a much broader perspective on site issues and problems than reliance on just one or two government sources as some local politicians have done.



During World War II and until 1948, the Linde Air Products Company in Tonawanda (now Praxair) processed uranium ore for the U.S. Army's Manhattan Engineer District. Under the code name Manhattan Project, this top-secret program was responsible for developing the first atomic bombs.

Contrary to federal government statements made by DOE and now the Army Corps of Engineers, the Linde facility was not "decontaminated to the standards in effect at the time." In fact, the uranium production facilities were turned back over to Linde by the federal Atomic Energy Commision (AEC, DOE's predecessor) still containing very high levels of contamination - levels many times the license requiring threshhold of the AEC's own 1947 regulations (see F.A.C.T.S.' letter to former NYS Department of Labor Commissioner John Sweeney).

In 1944 the government purchased the nearby Haist property (now known as Ashland 1) and used it for disposal of radioactive uranium processing residues until 1946. The Ashland Oil Company knowingly bought this heavily contaminated property in 1960 at a government auction after an illegal federal transfer of the property from AEC to GSA (the General Services Administration) and later built an oil refinery/storage tank facility on it (see DOE's Authority Review for Seaway). During construction on this property, Ashland moved some of the radioactive residues and contaminated soils to the Ashland 2 and Seaway properties. Ashland 1 and 2 are currently vacant and unused, and Seaway is a closed solid waste landfill.



In the 1940s, Linde Air Products Company (Linde) had been researching the use of uranium compounds to color glazed ceramic materials. It was Linde's expertise in this field that prompted the U.S. Army to contract with the company to refine the uranium ore used in the making of the world's first atomic bombs. The Army used the name "Ceramics Plant" when speaking about this Manhattan Project facility.

 For a more detailed history Tonawanda Site, including a discussion of the contaminants and the various clean-up criteria please see Overview of the Tonawanda Site


The F.A.C.T.S. staff

In Memory of
Ralph N. Krieger
September 24, 2013

O.C.A.W. Local 8-215

Friday September 27, 2013
 The Buffalo
City & Region
Ralph N. Krieger, joined key fight as union president
Published: September 26, 2013, 09:21 PM
Updated: September 26, 2013, 09:21 PM
Sept. 12, 1940 – Sept. 24, 2013

Ralph N. Krieger, of Alden, a union president who played a key role in the fight to get compensation for local workers exposed to radiation from the Manhattan Project, died Tuesday in Delaware Nursing & Rehabilitation Center. He was 73.

Born in Buffalo, he attended School 59, then was an apprentice at a heating company in the Finger Lakes. He served in the Army and was stationed in Korea.

Returning from service, Mr. Krieger worked as a meat cutter at Tops Markets until 1964, when he took a job at Linde Corp., later the Linde Division of Union Carbide, in the Town of Tonawanda.

A millwright and maintenance man, he worked at Linde Corp. for 40 years, until the union plant operation closed.

He served for many years as president of Local 8-215, Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union, and fought tirelessly on behalf of workers who developed cancer and other illnesses related to nuclear radiation at several sites in the area.

“The workers at these plants never knew what they were dealing with because of the secrecy surrounding the work on the bomb,” Mr. Krieger told an interviewer in 2003.

“A lot of people in Western New York have been helped by what he did,” his brother, Roger, said.

Also a master tradesman and custom cabinetmaker, he built his own home in Alden.

In addition to his brother, survivors include his wife of 50 years, the former Sharon Sweet; a son, Randy; three daughters, Lynette Cole, Sharlene Sanderson and Amanda Krieger-Royer; and a sister, Barbara Chase.

Services will be at 8 p.m. today in Charles Meyer Funeral Home, 13228 Broadway, Alden.

Copyright 1999 - 2013 - The Buffalo News copyright-protected material.

In Memory of

Donald L. Finch
May 28, 2008

O.C.A.W. Local 8-215

Mr. Finch was a member of the Korean War Veterans Western New York Chapter of Kenmore, New York, a founding member of F.A.C.T.S., Inc. with Ralph Krieger, Jim Rauch and Tom Schafer and a member of the Master Builder Lodge #911 Free & Accepted Masons.
Mr. Finch was a retiree from Praxir/Union Carbide Corporation, Linde Division.
(Don served on the Arcadia AD 23 during the Korean War)

Web site maintained by Thomas P. Schafer